Spring Water is natural water reaching the earth’s surface from underground formations. It is enriched with minerals in the process of flowing through underground rocks, and may be sold as mineral water.
Artesian Water comes from an artesian well, which draws water from a confined aquifer (an underground, porous rock or sand formation that bears water and is under pressure from a layer of rock or clay above it). The pressure from the confining layer will force the water from the aquifer upward and may reach the surface if the pressure is enough.
Mineral Water is water that is either naturally or artificially infused with mineral salts, elements or gases, such as calcium, magnesium, potassium or carbon dioxide.
Purified Water is water that is mechanically filtered or processed to be cleaned for consumption. Distilled water and deionized (DI) water are the most common forms of purified water. It can describe water which had gone through processes such as reverse osmosis, carbon filtration, microfiltration, ultrafiltration, or ultraviolet oxidation.
Distilled Water is water with almost all of its impurities as well as electrolytes removed through distillation. Distillation is the process of boiling the water and re-condensing the steam into a clean container, while leaving behind contaminants that are disposed of or reused.
Deionized Water , also known as demineralized water, is water with its mineral ions removed, such as cations from sodium and calcium, and anions such as chloride and bromide. Deionization is a physical process using ion-exchange resins which bind to and filter out mineral salts from water.
Sparkling Water is effervescent water with carbon dioxide introduced into it.